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- "Now, in the past, my government has been unwilling to establish and support a Stargate Program of its own, but that has changed."
- — Chekov
- Main article: List of Russian people
The Cold war existed between Russia, then known as the Soviet Union, and the United States of America. At the end of World War II, the Red Army, the Soviet army, recovered the Dial Home Device from the Germans and took it back to Russia. After Thors ship, the Biliskner crashed into an ocean on Earth, the Stargate on board was recovered by the Russians. The Russians operated their own Stargate Program for 37 days before they shut it down, following the deaths of all the personnel on the base, in exchange for continued sharing of information and technology from the US. (SG1: "Politics", "The Tomb", "Small Victories", "Watergate", "Chain Reaction")
The Russians continued to be wary of the US and the Stargate Program, feeling that the United States were not delivering on their promise of sharing. After Daniel Jacksons death, they wanted a Russian member to be placed on SG-1. They later agreed to give the Stargate to the Americans for money and the plans to the X-302 and the X-303. When the Goa'uld infiltrated The Trust, they managed to plant a symbiote in General Miroslav Kiselev and attempted to goad the Americans and the Russians against one another ending in a nuclear attack that would destroy both sides. Later the Russians, with backing from the Chinese, wanted to restart their Stargate Program but agreed not to in exchange for the next 304 off the assembly line. (SG1: "Redemption, Part 2", "Full Alert", "Crusade", "Camelot")